Have sex in the air
Всероссийская научно-практическая конференция с международным участием «Профилактическая медицина — 2017» снова явилась платформой для обсуждения актуальных вопросов гигиенической науки и практики, научно-практических исследований и реформирования образовательных программ. С 26 по 29 сентября 2017г. в Санкт-Петербурге проводится XIV Российский Национальный Конгресс с международным участием «ПРОФЕССИЯ и ЗДОРОВЬЕ» и VI Всероссийский съезд врачей-профпатологов.
The 2011 report did not include the large benefits of the pre-1990 Clean Air Act. A peer-reviewed 1997 EPA Report to Congress reviewed the benefits of the Act from 1970 to 1990, and concluded that in 1990 alone, pollution reductions under the Act prevented 205,000 early deaths, 10.4 million lost I.Q. points in children due to lead exposure, and millions of other cases of health effects.
Independent scientific research shows that reductions in air pollution are associated with widespread public health benefits. For example, one study found that reductions in fine particle pollution between 1980 and 2000 in U.S. cities led to improvements in average life expectancy at birth of approximately seven months. 1
Environmental damage from air pollution is reduced.
Lower air pollution levels mean less damage to the health of ecosystems.
Environmental effects of air pollution include damage to plants and long-term forest health, soil nutrient deterioration, accumulation of toxics in the food chain, damage to fish and other aquatic life in lakes and streams, and nitrogen enrichment of coastal estuaries causing oxygen depletion and resulting harm to fish and other aquatic animal populations.
Reducing air pollution also improves crop and timber yields, a benefit worth an estimated $5.5 billion to those industries` welfare in 2010, according to the peer-reviewed March 2011 EPA study . Better visibility conditions in 2010 from improved air quality in selected national parks and metropolitan areas had an estimated value of $34 billion.
The value of Clean Air Act health benefits far exceeds the costs of reducing pollution.
EPA’s peer-reviewed 2011 study found that clean air programs established by the 1990 CAA amendments are expected to yield direct benefits to the American people which vastly exceed compliance costs.
The study`s central benefits estimate of $2 trillion in 2020 exceeds costs by a factor of more than 30-to-1, and the high benefits estimate exceeds costs by 90 times. Even the low benefits estimate exceeds costs by about 3-to-1.
In addition to direct benefits vastly exceeding direct costs, economy-wide modeling conducted for the study found that the economic welfare of American households is better with post-1990 clean air programs than without them.
Economic welfare and economic growth rates are improved because cleaner air means fewer air-pollution-related illnesses, which in turn means less money spent on medical treatments and lower absenteeism among American workers. The study projects that the beneficial economic effects of these two improvements alone more than offset the expenditures for pollution control.
The EPA report received extensive review and input from the Council on Clean Air Compliance Analysis, an independent panel of distinguished economists, scientists and public health experts established by Congress in 1991.
New cars, trucks, and nonroad engines use state-of-the-art emission control technologies.
EPA has required dramatic reductions in emissions from new motor vehicles and non-road engines - such as those used in construction, agriculture, industry, trains and marine vessels -- through standards that require a combination of cleaner engine technologies and cleaner fuels. In 2013, EPA estimated the benefits of five key standards to cut emissions from vehicles, engines and fuel to 2030.
Compared to 1970 vehicle models, new cars, SUVs and pickup trucks are roughly 99 percent cleaner for common pollutants (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and particle emissions), while Annual Vehicle Miles Traveled has dramatically increased.
New heavy-duty trucks and buses are roughly 99 percent cleaner than 1970 models. In August 2016, EPA and the U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) jointly finalized standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles that will improve fuel efficiency and cut carbon pollution, while bolstering energy security and spurring manufacturing innovation.
Starting in the 2014 model year, locomotives are 90 percent cleaner than pre-regulation locomotives. In March 2008, EPA finalized a three part program that dramatically reduces emissions from diesel locomotives of all types -- line-haul, switch, and passenger rail. The rule cuts particulate emissions from these engines by as much as 90 percent and nitrogen oxides emissions by as much as 80 percent when fully implemented.
MacBook Air lasts up to an incredible 12 hours between charges. So from your morning coffee till your evening commute, you can work unplugged. When it’s time to kick back and relax, you can get up to 12 hours of iTunes movie playback. And with up to 30 days of standby time, you can go away for weeks and pick up right where you left off. * Whatever the task, fifth-generation Intel Core i5 and i7 processors with Intel HD Graphics 6000 are up to it. From editing photos to browsing the web, everything happens ultrafast. And all that power is encased in an incredibly thin 0.68-inch unibody design that weighs only 2.96 pounds. Instantly connect to an 802.11ac base station — including AirPort Extreme or AirPort Time Capsule — and experience wireless performance up to 3x faster than the previous Wi-Fi generation. 802.11ac also delivers expanded range, so you can work more freely than ever. All systems go with SSD storage. The SSD storage in MacBook Air is up to 17x faster than a 5400-rpm notebook hard drive. So everything you do is snappy and responsive. MacBook Air even wakes up fast, thanks to SSD storage and fifth-generation Intel Core processors. macOS is the operating system that powers everything you do on a Mac. macOS High Sierra brings new forward‑looking technologies and enhanced features to your Mac. It’s macOS at its highest level yet.
We tend to think of air pollution as something outside -- smog, ozone, or haze hanging in the air, especially in summer. But the truth is, the air inside homes, offices, and other buildings can be more polluted than the air outside. The air inside your home may be polluted by lead (in house dust), formaldehyde , fire-retardants, radon, even volatile chemicals from fragrances used in conventional cleaners. Some pollutants are tracked into the home. Some arrive via a new mattress or furniture, carpet cleaners, or a coat of paint on the walls. In that mix, you`ll also find microscopic dust mites -- a major allergen -- plus mold and heaps of pet dander, says David Lang, MD, head of Allergy /Immunology at the Cleveland Clinic. "Even if you don`t have pets, you`ve probably got pet dander," he tells WebMD. "It`s become what we call a community allergen. Pet owners carry it around on their clothes and shed it throughout the day. You can`t get away from it." Children, people with asthma , and the elderly may be especially sensitive to indoor pollutants, but other effects on health may appear years later, after repeated exposure. Indoor allergens and irritants have become much more important in recent decades because we`re spending more time indoors, Lang says. And because modern homes are airtight, these irritants can`t easily escape. "We`re all exposed to a greater degree than we were three or four decades ago," he says. Suck it up. Chemicals and allergens can accumulate in household dust for decades. By using a vacuum with a HEPA filter you can reduce concentrations of lead in your home. You can also get rid of other toxins, like brominated fire-retardant chemicals (PBDEs) as well as allergens like pollen , pet dander, and dust mites. Using a vacuum cleaner that has strong suction, rotating brushes, and a HEPA filter ensures that dust and dirt won’t get blown back out in the exhaust. In high traffic areas, vacuum the same spot several times. Don`t forget walls, carpet edges, and upholstered furniture, where dust accumulates. For best results, vacuum two or more times each week and wash out your filter regularly. Mop it up. Mopping picks up the dust that vacuuming leaves behind. You can skip the soaps and cleaners and just use plain water to capture any lingering dust or allergens. New microfiber mops (and dust cloths) reportedly capture more dust and dirt than traditional fibers and don’t require any cleaning solutions whatsoever. Keep it out. Put a large floor mat at every door.People track in all sorts of chemicals via the dirt on their shoes. A door mat reduces the amount of dirt, pesticides, and other pollutants from getting into your home. If the mat is big enough, even those who don`t wipe their shoes will leave most pollutants on the mat -- not the floors in your home. If you live in a home built before 1978, there`s a good chance that lead paint still exists on your walls. But even in a newer home, you may face lead exposure -- from lead dust tracked in from outside. Lead dust can raise the risk of exposure for young children -- a serious problem that can damage the brain , central nervous system , and kidneys . Pesticides are also linked with brain damage in young children. Kids are vulnerable to higher exposures because they tend to get dust on their fingers and then put their fingers in their mouths. To best protect your family, ask people to remove their shoes when entering your home. Keep house shoes, slippers, and socks near the door. 2. Keep a healthy level of humidity. Dust mites and mold love moisture. Keeping humidity around 30%-50% helps keep them and other allergens under control. A dehumidifier (and air conditioner during summer months) helps reduce moisture in indoor air and effectively controls allergens, Lang says. An air conditioner also reduces indoor pollen count -- another plus for allergy -sufferers. More tips for dehumidifying your home: Use an exhaust fan or crack open a window when cooking, running the dishwasher, or bathing. Vent the clothes dryer to the outside. Fix leaky plumbing to prevent moisture-loving mold. Empty drip pans in your window air conditioner and dehumidifier. 3. Make your home a no- smoking zone. "Probably the single most important aspect of indoor air pollution is secondhand cigarette smoke," says Philip Landrigan, MD, a pediatrician and director of the Children`s Environmental Health Center at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City. Cigarette smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals. Research shows that secondhand smoke increases a child`s risk of developing ear and respiratory infections, asthma , cancer , and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). For the smoker, this addiction causes cancer , breathing problems , heart attacks , and stroke . If you want to stop smoking , support groups, nicotine-replacement therapy, and other medications can help. Find a method that works for you, get some support (friends, family, fellow quitters, counseling), and think positive. Focus on your reasons for quitting -- not on your cravings. More Americans than ever before have kicked the habit, according to the CDC. But if you relapse, make sure you don’t smoke inside the house. "If you just can`t quit, at least smoke outside," Landrigan says. 4. Test for radon. Whether you have a new or old home, you could have a radon problem. This colorless, odorless gas significantly raises the risk of lung cancer . Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the U.S. today. If you smoke and your home has high radon levels, your risk of lung cancer is especially high. Radon is a radioactive gas. It comes from the natural decay of uranium found in nearly all soils. It typically moves up through the ground and into your home through cracks and holes in the foundation. Drafty homes, airtight homes, homes with or without a basement -- any home can potentially have a radon problem. Granite countertops have also been linked to radon. While experts agree that most granite countertops emit some radon, the question is whether they do so at levels that can cause cancer . Testing is easy, inexpensive, and takes only a few minutes. If you discover a radon problem, there are simple ways to reduce levels of the gas that are not too costly. Even high radon levels can be reduced to acceptable levels. The Environmental Protection Agency offers a "Consumer’s Guide to Radon Reduction." 5. Smell good naturally. You may associate that lemony or piney scent with a clean kitchen or clean clothes.But synthetic fragrances in laundry products and air fresheners emit dozens of different chemicals into the air. You won’t find their names on the product labels. Conventional laundry detergents, fabric softeners, dryer sheets, and air fresheners in solid, spray, and oil form may all emit such gasses. In one study, a plug-in air freshener was found to emit 20 different volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including seven regulated as toxic or hazardous under U.S. federal laws. But these chemicals were not included on the label -- only the word "fragrance" is required to be listed. But the actual composition of the fragrance is considered a "trade secret." Most fragrances are derived from petroleum products, and generally haven’t been tested to see if they have any significant adverse health effects in humans when they are inhaled. (Tests usually focus on whether a fragrance causes skin irritation.) Some that have been tested raise concern. Phthalates are a group of chemicals often used in fragrances and also used to soften plastics. Studies show that phthalates disrupt hormones in animals.What can you do? Look for fragrance-free or naturally-scented laundry products. Switch to mild cleaners that don`t include artificial fragrances. Stop using aerosol sprays -- deodorants, hair sprays, carpet cleaners, furniture polish, and air fresheners. Let in fresh air. Open windows so toxic chemicals don`t build up in your home. What if you or your child has pollen allergies ? Then keep rooms ventilated with a filtered air- conditioning system. Use sliced lemons and baking soda to get a clean scent in the kitchen. Bring nature indoors. Any room is prettier with a fern, spider plant, or aloe vera. It’s also healthier. NASA research shows that indoor plants like these act as living air purifiers -- the foliage and roots work in tandem to absorb chemical pollutants released by synthetic materials. If you have kids or pets, make sure the plants aren’t poisonous if ingested. WebMD Feature provided in collaboration with Healthy Child Healthy World Reviewed by Michael W. Smith, MD on January 08, 2009 David Lang, MD, head of allergy and immunology, Cleveland Clinic. Philip Landrigan, MD, pediatrician; director, Children`s Environmental Health Center at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York City. American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology: "Tips to Remember: Indoor Allergens," "Is Your Asthma Allergic?" WebMD Health News: "Plastic Chemicals Linked to Asthma, Allergies."
В данный момент эта функция недоступна. Повторите попытку позже. The "In The Air Tonight" video has just hit 100 million views! Thanks to all of Phil`s fans who have watched this iconic video over the years, the YouTube channel is now fully updated and re-branded so click here http://smarturl.it/PhilCollinsYouTube for more. “In The Air Tonight” was the first single to be released from Phil Collins’ album "Face Value", released in 1981. Buy Phil`s autobiography "Not Dead Yet" and The Singles: a collection of all 45 of Phil Collins’ hit singles here: http://philcollins.com
Another hit from the Director of Juno, Jason Reitman Anyone who has ever been fired must see "Up In The Air." Jason Reitman has done again. The director of "Thank You For Smoking" and "Juno" puts real life out there in an incredible way, where we all laugh and then walk out of the theatre thinking about what is really important. A film with a message that`s entertaining: what a concept. George Clooney plays Ryan Bingham, a man that flies all over the country firing people for companies that don`t have the spine to do it themselves. He is so proficient at it, when he meets his "expert traveler" equivalent, Alex Goran (Vera Farmiga); he is emotionally drawn to another person, beyond a passing interest, for the first time. Bingham`s travels are a quest to be a traveling legend. When his company takes the advice of young newbie, Natalie Keener (Kendrick), he is grounded, endangering his quest to achieve frequent flier miles that number in the, uh, stratosphere. When his boss (Jason Bateman) assigns him to "show her the ropes," so she can revolutionize the company`s firing technology, the resulting road trip is not only riotously funny, it is a self-exploring journey into the three people`s strengths and weaknesses. The life decisions they make are the emotionally important message of the film. The rest of the story must go untold, so you can savor every morsel from your own perspective. For that is what this film does best. Almost all of us have been canned. Sitting across the table, being told we`ll be glad it happened, one day. Our participation in the film is subtle, as we sit across the table from Bingham as he cans us. The film`s cast is like the story: they suck you in. Clooney is Clooney, like Cary Grant was Cary Grant. You think he`s not acting, that`s just who he is in real life. Maybe it is. Vera Farmiga`s performance is seductively natural. You`ve met people like her. You admire her. Then you find out you don`t know her at all. She is the mystery you wish you were. Anna Kendrick as Natalie is a perfect, perky, know-it-all that becomes all too human. Kendrick makes her character`s transformation special parts of the film, when she could have easily have been regulated to a supporting character. This has become Reitman`s trademark as a director. He empowers actors to make the movie their own. Up In The Air is a movie that is over before you want it to be. You want to get to know the characters better, to follow them around a little longer and make sure everything goes well for them. Another credit to Reitman for his extraordinary skill at taking the common things in life and make them extraordinary. Which makes us all feel better about the common-ness of our own lives. 139 of 203 people found this review helpful. Was this review helpful to you?